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  • Organic Manure

     Organic Manure 

    Manure is organic matter used as organic fertilizer in agriculture. Manures contribute to the fertility of the soil by adding organic matter and nutrients, such as nitrogen, that are trapped by bacteria in the soil. Higher organisms then feed on the fungi and bacteria in a chain of life that comprises the soil food web. It is also a product obtained after decomposition of organic matter like cow-dung which replenishes the soil with essential elements and add humus to the soil.

    Compost

    Compost is an organic manure artificially prepared from plant residues and animal waste products. The process of making compost is known as composting. It is largely a biological process in which aerobic (which require air or oxygen for their development) and anaerobic (which function in absence of air or free oxygen) micro-organisms decompose organic matter and lower the carbon-nitrogen ratio of the refuse.

    Compost is prepared from waste vegetables and other refuse mixed with cow-dung and urine and also from town waste and night-soil. The compost becomes ready in about three to four months without any further attention. Composts are of two types and they differ in nature and composition.

    (i) Rural/Village Compost

    O5 and 0.7-1.0 per cent K2O.2This type of compost is prepared from farm waste products, e.g. straws, crop stubbles, crop residues such as sugarcane trash, groundnut husks and leaves, cotton stalks, etc. Weeds, waste folder, urine soaked earth, litter from cowshed and hedge clippings. This type of compost contain 0.4-0.8 per cent Nitrogen (N), 0.3-0.6 per cent P

    (ii) Urban Compost or Town Compost

    This type of compost is prepared from town waste and night soil. This type of compost contains 1.0-2.0 per cent nitrogen, 1.0 per cent nitrogen, 1.0 per cent P2O5 and 1.5 per cent K2O.

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